# Sine-on-Random Fatigue Analysis

Sinusoidal vibration superimposed on random vibration and is a standard solution used in military applications.

A typical application for sine-on-random vibration is in aircrafts. During service, an aircraft experiences random vibration. On top of the random vibration, sinusoidal vibration at various frequencies come from turbine engines or rotor blades. Components in the aircraft are expected to survive for certain life cycles under sine-on-random vibration. This application is not limited to aircraft; any moving machines which contain high-speed rotating parts may experience sine-on-random vibration, regardless of severity.

Input loading for sine-on-random vibration is represented using a mixed mode: PSD of random load and a certain amplitude of sine load.

## Damage Calculation

Damage calculation due to sine-on-random vibration is a similar procedure to regular random vibration fatigue (Refer to Random Response Fatigue Analysis). The difference due to the superimposition of sine loads changes how the spectral moments are calculated.

The moments are calculated as:

- $n$
- Moment order.
- ${f}_{k}$
- Frequency values for Random Response.
- ${G}_{k}$
- Stress PSD response value at frequency ${f}_{k}$ .
- $N$
- Number of frequencies in stress PSD.
- $L$
- Number of frequencies of sine tones.
- ${f}_{i}$
- Sine-tone frequency values defined on the
`HARMO`continuation line on FATLOAD. - ${A}_{i}$
- Stress amplitude due to sine tone at the i-th frequency defined on the
`HARMO`continuation line on FATLOAD.

The second term is a contribution from sine tones. The recommended Probability Density Function (PDF) to calculate number of cycles for sine-on-random is Dirlik. Refer to Random Response Fatigue Analysis.

## Input

A random response analysis and a frequency response analysis are underlying subcases for sine-on-random fatigue. In a particular FATEVNT entry, a FATLOAD referencing the random response analysis and another FATLOAD referencing a frequency response analysis should be specified to activate sine-on-random fatigue.

The FATLOAD data referencing the frequency response analysis
should also list frequencies (in Hz) and their amplitude factors in the
`HARMO` continuation line.

```
FATLOAD,100,,10
FATLOAD,200,,20
+,HARMO,1.0,0.1,15.0,1.0,20.0,1.1
FATEVNT,1000,100,200
```

Where the three sine tone frequency values are 1.0, 15.0, and 20.0; their corresponding amplitude factors are 0.1, 1.0, and 1.1, respectively.

## Output

General fatigue output for Damage and Life are supported. The damage output is
multiplied by exposed time `T` defined on the
FATSEQ Bulk Data Entry and reported.