# /H3D/SOLID

Engine Keyword Generate H3D contour output results for /BRICK, /BRIC20, /TETRA4, /TETRA10 solid elements and /BRICK, /PENTA6, /SHEL16 thick shells.

## Format

/H3D/SOLID/`Keyword3`/`Keyword4`/`Keyword5`

#optional next line(s) that lists the parts to save results for.

`part_ID`_{1}... `part_ID`_{N}

## Example

`/H3D/SOLID/TENS/STRESS/IR=1/IS=2/IT=1`

`/H3D/SOLID/TENS/STRESS/IR=ALL/IS=ALL/IT=ALL`

```
/H3D/SOLID/ENER
1 55 75
```

## Definition

## Comments

- The syntax
/H3D/ELEM/
`Keyword3`/`Keyword4`/`Keyword5`is also valid. - When PART IDs are listed after the /H3D/SOLID line the specified results will only be output for those parts.
- Output can be a Scalar or Tensor as
defined in the following tables.
Table 1. Scalar Output Keyword3 Keyword4 Keyword5 Description `AMS`Elements using `AMS`timestep due to /DT/CST_AMS.`DAM1`,`DAM2`,`DAM3`Principal damage values in local cracking skew direction 1, 2 or 3 for material LAW24 with /BRICK elements. `DAMA``IR`=- i or ALL
`IS`=- j or ALL
`IT`=- k or ALL

Maximum of damage over time of all /FAIL criteria acting on one material. If

`Keyword4`is blank, the maximum integration point value in the element is output.Refer to the specific /FAIL law used for how damage is calculated.

`TMAX`Maximum of damage over time, integration points and failure models. `DAMG``LAYER`=- i or ALL
`IR`=- i or ALL
`IS`=- j or ALL
`IT`=- k or ALL

Mean damage over integration points (only for coupled damage models). 5 `DAMINI``IR`=- i or ALL
`IS`=- j or ALL
`IT`=- k or ALL

Maximum damage initiation variable among all failure criteria using initiation variable before computing stress softening (/FAIL/INIEVO). `DENS`Density `DOMAIN`SPMD domain number of an element. `DT`Element timestep `EINT`Internal energy ( $\rho $ eV) `EINTM`Specific internal energy (e) `EINTV`Internal energy density ( $\rho $ e) `ENER`Specific energy density (internal energy divided by the element mass) `TMAX`Maximum specific energy density over time `ENTH`Enthalpy (e+pV) `ENTHM`Massic enthalpy (e + pV) / m `ENTHV`Enthalpy density (e/V +p) `EPSD`Equivalent strain rate `EPSP`Plastic Strain `FAILURE``ID`=`fail_ID`or ALL`IR`=- i or ALL
`IS`=- j or ALL
`IT`=- k or ALL

Damage of a specific failure criterion references by its optional identifier `fail_ID`defined in the Starter file.`FILL`Filling percentage for /INIBRI/FILL `FLDF``OUTER``OUTER_AVERAGE`FLD damage factor indicator. 6 `FLDZ``OUTER``OUTER_AVERAGE`FLD failure zone factor for the FLD failure model. - = 1
- Loose metal
- = 2
- High wrinkle
- = 3
- Compression
- = 4
- Safe
- = 5
- Marginal
- = 6
- Failure 6

`GROUP`Internal group identifier `HOURGLASS`Hourglass energy per mass unit `MASS`Element mass `MDS``MDS`user variables.Automatic selection of user variable to output according to MDS law that is used.

(mean value with all solid integration points)

`MDS_VAR`=- DEF or ALL

`MDS`user variables.(mean value with all solid integration points)

`NL_EPSD`Non-local plastic strain rate (only if /NONLOCAL/MAT is activated) 6 `NL_EPSP`Non-local plastic strain (only if /NONLOCAL/MAT is activated) 6 `OFF`Element status. Where the result output is:- = -1
- Element is not active (it is defined in an activated rigid body).
- = 0
- Deleted element.
- Between 0 and 1
- Under failure process.
- = 1
- Active element.

ORTHD `LAYER`=- i or ALL
`IR`=- i or ALL
`IS`=- j or ALL
`IT`=- k or ALL

Euler angles in degrees defining the rotation matrix to go from global reference system to orthotropic reference system. To request a specific angle use ORTHD/PSI, ORTHD/THETA, or ORTHD/PHI.

`P`Pressure `PEXT`External pressure applied on solid element coming from /PLOAD, /LOAD/PFLUID, /LOAD/PBLAST or /LOAD/PRESSURE. The outer skin is automatically created to display the pressure.

`SIGEQ`Equivalent stress based on a material’s yield criteria. Some examples of yield criteria are von Mises, Hill or Barlat. `TMAX`Maximum equivalent stress based on a material’s yield criteria over time and integration points. `SIGX`,`SIGY`,`SIGZ`,`SIGXY`,`SIGYZ`,`SIGZX`Mean element stress in specified direction. `TEMP`Temperature `TDEL`Time at which element is deleted due to failure defined using /FAIL criterion. Failure criteria built in materials is ignored. `THICK`Average thickness for thick-shell elements (/PROP/TYPE20, /PROP/TYPE21, /PROP/TYPE22). `THIN`Average % thinning for thick-shell elements (/PROP/TYPE20, /PROP/TYPE21, /PROP/TYPE22). `TILLOTSON`Region identifier for Tillotson Equation of State (/EOS/TILLOTSON) `TSAIWU`Tsai Wu criterion for material /MAT/LAW12 (3D_COMP), /MAT/LAW14 (COMPSO) and /MAT/LAW25 (COMPSH) `USER``UVAR`=- i or ALL
`IR`=- i or ALL
`IS`=- j or ALL
`IT`=- k or ALL

User material (/MAT/USERij) law output for user-defined variable `i`. Also, requests USR output for some Radioss material laws such as LAW59 or LAW70.`USR1`output is requested using`UVAR`=1. For integration point results, use`IR`,`IS`and`IT`options.`VDAM1``IR`=- i or ALL
`IS`=- j or ALL
`IT`=- k or ALL

Value of damage factor D, for /FAIL/SNCONNECT. `VDAM2``IR`=- i or ALL
`IS`=- j or ALL
`IT`=- k or ALL

Value of damage surface ${\sigma}_{y0}$ for /FAIL/SNCONNECT. `VDAM3``IR`=- i or ALL
`IS`=- j or ALL
`IT`=- k or ALL

Value of rupture surface ${\sigma}_{yf}$ for /FAIL/SNCONNECT. `VONM`Mean element von Mises stress `TMAX`Maximum von Mises stress at over time and integration points `WPLA`Plastic work for /MAT/LAW12 (3D_COMP) and /MAT/LAW25 (COMPSH) Table 2. Scalar ALE and CFD Output Keyword3 Keyword4 Description `BFRAC`Burn fraction `BULK`Artificial viscosity `COLOR`1*vfrac1 + 2*vfrac2 + .... + last*vfracN (LAW51 and LAW151 only). `DIV(U)`Volumetric dilatation rate `K`Specific for turbulent energy in CFD. `MACH`Mach number (/MAT/LAW151 only) `MOM`Cell momentum Density ( `MOM`) for FVM with Interface TYPE22 for all components and magnitude. To request each separately use,`MOMX`,`MOMY`,`MOMZ`,`MOMXY`,`MOMYZ`,`MOMXZ`,`|MOM|`.`SCHLIEREN`Schlieren image (optical method widely used in `CFD`field). ALE material laws.`SSP`Sound speed. Only available with ALE material laws. `TDET`Detonation time output. `TVIS`Specific for turbulent viscosity in CFD. `VEL`Cell velocity for FVM with Interface TYPE22 for all components and magnitude. To request each separately use, `VELX`,`VELY`,`VELZ`,`VELXY`,`VELYZ`,`VELXZ`,`|VEL|`.`VFRAC`All volumetric fractions (for ALE multi-material laws: LAW20, LAW37, LAW51 and LAW151). `VFRAC1`,`VFRAC2`,`VFRAC3`,`VFRAC4`Volumetric fractions (for ALE multi-material laws: LAW20, LAW37 and LAW51). `VORT`,`VORTX`,`VORTY`,`VORTZ`Vorticity for ALE material in resultant, X, Y, and Z components. `VECT``VEL`Velocity vectors at finite volume cell centroids. `CONT`Contact force vectors at finite volume cell centroids. `ACC`Acceleration vectors at finite volume cell centroids. Table 3. Tensor Output Keyword3 Keyword4 Keyword5 Description `TENS``BSTRESS``ID`=- n or ALL
`IR`=- i or ALL
`IS`=- j or ALL
`IT`=- k or ALL

Backstress tensor for material /MAT/LAW36 (n=1) and /MAT/LAW78 (n=1, 2 or 3). `ID`=-1 returns the sum of all backstress tensors available for the element.`DAMA`Cracks tensor at integration points for Material LAW24 only. If

`Keyword5`is blank, the mean value in the element is output.`EPSP``IR`=- i or ALL
`IS`=- j or ALL
`IT`=- k or ALL

Plastic strain tensor at integration points, only available for /MAT/LAW24 with `I`_{cap}=2.If

`Keyword5`is blank, the mean value element is output.`STRAIN``IR`=- i or ALL
`IS`=- j or ALL
`IT`=- k or ALL

Strain tensor at integration points. If

`Keyword5`is blank, the mean value in the element is output.TMAX Strain tensor corresponding to the maximum principal strain (P1) over time and integration points. Strain tensor corresponding to the minimum principal strain (P3) over time and integration points.

OUTER Membrane strain tensor on the outer surface of a solid or thick shell component. The membrane layer is automatically created, and the solid strain tensor is extrapolated to this surface. OUTER_AVERAGE Average membrane strain tensor between the two outer surfaces of a thick shell component. The membrane layer is automatically created, and the thick shell strain tensor is extrapolated to this surface. CORNER_DATA Strain tensor saved for all nodes of each element (not available for /SHEL16 or /BRICK20). `STRAIN_ENG`-- Infinitesimal total strain. Only one tensor per element. `STRESS``IR`=- i or ALL
`IS`=- j or ALL
`IT`=- k or ALL

Stress tensor at integration points. If `Keyword5`is blank, the mean value in the element is output.TMAX Stress tensor corresponding to the maximum principal stress (P1) over time and integration points. Stress tensor corresponding to the minimum principal stress (P3) over time and integration points.

OUTER Membrane stress tensor on the outer surface of a solid or thick shell component. The membrane layer is automatically created, and the solid stress tensor is extrapolated to this surface. CORNER_DATA Stress tensor saved for all nodes of each element (not available for /SHEL16 or /BRICK20) - To request integration point results, use /IR=i/IS=j/IT=k notation where the options can be entered in any order.
- Option DAMG is
only used with coupled damage models (such as /MAT/LAW72 or
/FAIL/GURSON) to output damage over integration points.
The damage variable is normalized by its critical value to get values between 0
and 1. For instance:
- For /MAT/LAW72$${D}_{mg}=\frac{D}{{D}_{C}}$$
- For /FAIL/GURSON$${D}_{mg}=\frac{{f}_{t}}{{f}_{F}}$$

- For /MAT/LAW72
- If /NONLOCAL/MAT option is activated, it is possible to output the regularized non-local plastic strain and its rate.
- The damage initiation variable /H3D/SOLID/DAMINI is used with some failure criteria such as /FAIL/INIEVO, which first computes a damage initiation criterion before computing the stress softening damage variable, which can be plotted with /H3D/SOLID/DAMA.