Specify Fans

Identify the components that represent fans in the model.

Fans are modeled like wheels, a boundary condition is prescribed and a rotational speed is applied.

You select the parts that form the fan, such as blades and hub. The center and axis of rotation are automatically computed. However, the rotational speed needs to be provided.

Aerodynamics and aeroacoustics supports three model approaches for fans:

The fan does not rotate in the simulation.
The fan and mesh inside is rotated to accurately represent the flow and rotating fan.
The fan does not rotate in the simulation. An MRF volume improves the modeling of the swirling flow created by a fan.
Applies a body force to a volume to mimic a fan.
  1. From the Setup ribbon, click the Identify Parts tool.

    Figure 1.
  2. From the secondary tool set, click the Create Fans tool.

    Figure 2.
    The Fan dialog opens.
  3. Select a part to define as the fan/volume.
    The axis and speed automatically populate based on the part selection.
  4. Optional: Adjust the axis and speed.
  5. Select the Fan Model from the following options:

Note: Steps 6-7 are only for Overset and MRF.

  1. Create a volume around the fan by completing one of the following:
    Choice Selection
    Import a previously created volume
    1. Select Select.
    2. Browse, select, and import the previously created volume.
    Create a cylinder volume
    1. Select Cylinder.
      A tightly wrapped cylinder volume is automatically created around the fan.
      Tip: You can adjust the size of the cylinder by selecting the diameter or height labels in the modeling window and entering a new value in the microdialog.

      Figure 3.
    Create a Solid Revolution volume
    1. Select Solid Revolution.
      A CAD geometry is automatically created around the fan.
      Tip: You can adjust the offset size by entering a new value for Offset. If the Offset is too large, a warning will be given.

      Figure 4.

      Figure 5.
  2. Optional: To check for and split intersecting parts, enable the Split Intersecting Part checkbox.
    A color coded legend displays which indicates any intersecting, interior, and exterior parts. When the fan is created, the intersecting parts are split.

    Figure 6.

Note: Step 8 is only for Overset.

  1. Adjust the Refinement Level of the interface refinement.
    The Element Size is adjusted automatically.

Note: Step 9 is only for Virtual.

  1. Specify the body force coefficients for the volume.
    The solver automatically calculates radius and depth. This information is available when you export the run results to .xml.

Note: Step 10 is only for Overset, MRF, and Virtual.

  1. Adjust the Refinement Level.
    The Element Size is adjusted automatically.

Note: Step 11 is for all model types.

  1. Complete one of the following:
    • Select to confirm your selections and continue specifying fans.
    • Select to confirm your selections and exit the dialog and tool.
    • Select to clear your selections and start over.
    • Select to exit the tool without confirming your selections.