Heat capacity: definitions
Definition
The heat capacity of a material is the heat quantity necessary to raise its temperature by one degree.
The mathematical relationship expressing this definition has the form:
ΔQ = Cp . ΔT
where:
 ΔQ is the heat quantity (J)
 ΔT is the temperature variation (in degrees)
 Cp is the heat capacity at constant pressure (J/degree)
The heat capacity of a body is a quantity that offers the possibility to evaluate the amount of heat exchanged by this body during a process characterized by a temperature variation.
Specifications
The heat capacity Cp is an extensive quantity.
Thus in practice, the following quantities will be used:

specific heat capacity^{1}:
with (J/kg/degree)

volumetric heat capacity^{2}:
with (J/m^{3}/degree)
Dependence on temperature
The heat capacity can depend on the temperature: Cp=f(T). It increases as the temperature increase.
The variation of the heat capacities with temperature can provide important information about the crystalline microstructure of the material (see § Phase transition ).