# Hole Array - Kercher

## Description

- Type
- Impingement Nu
- Subtype
- Hole Array - Kercher

Index | UI Name (.flo label) | Description |
---|---|---|

1 | Impingement Flow Element (IMP_ELM) |
ID for flow element that represents the jet flow through the
holes. Can represent the entire hole array or just some of the
holes in the array. No AUTO option. An element must always be supplied. |

2 | Crossflow Element (CROSS_ELM) |
ID for flow element that represent the cross flow in the post
impingement gap. If AUTO, any flow element (other than the IMP_ELM) entering the flow chamber (based on calculated flow direction) is considered a cross flow element. |

3 | Hole Diameter (HOLE_DIA) |
Diameter of the holes forming the impinging jets. If AUTO, the diameter from the IMP_ELM is used. The IMP_ELM must be an element type that has a diameter input (orifice or tube). |

4 | Hole Spacing (HOLE_SPAC) |
Distance between impingement holes (Xn in paper). No AUTO option. A hole spacing must always be supplied. |

5 | Number of Holes (NUM_HOLES) |
Number of holes represented by IMP_ELM. If AUTO, The “number of streams” of IMP_ELM is used. |

6 | Distance to Target Surface (DIST_TO_TARG) |
The distance from the impingement plate containing the holes
to the surface the jets impinge. (Zn in paper). No AUTO option. |

7 | Crossflow Area (CROSS_AREA) |
The area for the cross flow in the post-impingement gap. If AUTO, the area from the CROSS_ELM is used. |

8 | Impingement Angle (IMP_ANG) |
Angle the impinging jets make with the target surface. No AUTO option. |

9 | Chamber for Tjet (TJET_CH) |
The fluid chamber containing the temperature to be used in
the heat flux calculation. This impingement correlation was
derived using the pre-impingement air temperature. If AUTO, the upstream chamber for IMP_ELM is used. |

10 | TC Multiplier (HTC_MULT) |
A constant multiplier to scale the value of heat transfer coefficient obtained from the correlation. |

## Formulation

This correlation uses a Nusselt number equation by Kercher (ref 1).

${\varphi}_{1}$ is based on Fig 16 from ref 1.

${\varphi}_{2}$ accounts for the cross flow effect and is based on figure 17 from ref 1.

Index | .flo label | Description |
---|---|---|

1 | TNET | Thermal network ID, which has the convector where this correlation is used. |

2 | CONV_ID | Convector ID, which is using this correlation. |

3 | IMP_ELM | Flow element that represents the jet flow through the holes. |

4 | IMP_FLOW | Impingement mass flow rate. |

5 | CROSS_FLOW | Cross flow mass flow rate. |

6 | CROSS_AREA | Cross flow area. |

7 | HOLE_DIA | Diameter of the holes forming the impinging jets. |

8 | TJET_CH | The fluid chamber containing the temperature to be used in the heat flux calculation. |

9 | X/DIA | Impingement hole spacing/impingement hole diameter. |

10 | Z/DIA | Distance to target surface/impingement hole diameter. |

11 | RE | Reynolds number. |

12 | HTC | Calculated heat transfer coefficient. |

## Heat Transfer Correlation References

- Kercher, D.M. and Tabakoff, W., "Heat Transfer by a Square Array of Round Air Jets Impinging Perpendicular to a Flat Surface Including the Effect of Spent Air”, ASME Journal of Engineering for Power, Vol. 92, No. 1, January 1970, pp. 73-82.