# OS-V: 0810 Hyperelastic Large Displacement Nonlinear Analysis with a Pressurized Rubber Disk

In this problem, a rubber disk pinned at its circumferential edge is subjected to pressure load. This causes the disk to bulge into a spherical shape, like a balloon.

The experimental results were published by Oden (1972) and Hughes & Carnoy (1981). OptiStruct results are verified with the Oden and Hughes & Carnoy tests. This example illustrates hyperelastic nonlinear large displacement solutions with different material models (namely, Mooney and Ogden).

## Model Files

## Benchmark Model

The rubber disk has radius of 7.50 in (190.5 mm) with radially varying element sizes. Such elements are preferred because the innermost element would be subjected to maximum extension. Therefore, the innermost elements are shortest in radial length. Thickness of the disk is 0.5 in (12.7 mm) with 2 elements along the thickness. The innermost elements are CPENTA and rest of the elements are CHEXA elements.

## Material

**Mooney-Rivlin Model**- C
_{10}= 80 lb / in^{2} - C
_{01}= 20 lb / in^{2}

**Ogden Model**- ${\mu}_{1}=2$
- C
_{10}= 160 lb / in^{2} - ${\alpha}_{1}=2$
- ${\mu}_{2}=2$
- C
_{01}= 40 lb / in^{2} - ${\alpha}_{2}=2$

## Results

Mooney material model run with OptiStruct correlates well with the results of Oden (1972). The Mooney and Ogden material model runs correlate very well in the pressure range of 0 to 12 psi and closely match with Oden (1972). The Hughes & Carnoy (1981) results are not a close match in this range of pressures.

Within the pressure range of 12-24 psi there is reasonable correlation among all results and runs.

^{1}Nonlinear finite element shell formulation accounting for large membrane strains. Thomas J.R. Hughes and Eric Carnoy Division of Applied Mechanics, Durand Building, Stanford University, Stanford, 1982

^{2}C. Nyssen, Modeling by finite elements of nonlinear behavior of aerospatal structures, Thesis, University of Liege, Belgium, 1979

^{3}J.T. Oden and J.E. Key, Analysis of finite deformations of elastic solids by the finite element method, Proc. IUTAM Colloquium on High Speed Computing of Elastic Structures, Liege, Belgium, 1971

^{4}T.J.R. Hughes and J. Winget, Finite rotation effects in numerical integration of rate constitutive equations arising in large-deformation analysis, Internat. J. Numer. Meths. Engrg. 15 (1980) 1862-1867