Inputs
1. Introduction
The total number of user inputs is equal to 13.
Among these inputs, 8 are default inputs and 5 are advanced inputs.
Sharing data between tests
An import button is available for allowing sharing the data simulated in Flux between “Characterization / Model / Map” and “Performance mapping / Efficiency map” tests.
Indeed, by implementing the rotor position dependency option for the model map test and efficiency map test of synchronous machines, this update facilitates the seamless transfer of settings, inputs, and crucially, simulated data in Flux between the two tests. As they use the same Flux data in most cases and significant computation time is required to obtain it, users can now accelerate the test resolution and optimize their workflow.
 Reluctance Synchronous Machines  Inner rotor
 Synchronous Machines with wound field – Inner Salient Pole  Inner rotor
Upon completing a model map test, users can activate the import button in the efficiency map test GUI. This enables them to effortlessly import the settings and corresponding Flux data from the previous test, eliminating the need to rerun Flux for identical data, a step that typically consumes a substantial portion of computation time during efficiency mapping.


Import function in Model Map test and
Efficiency Map test to accelerate test resolution. Example for Wound field synchronous machines 

1  Open model map test environment when an efficiency map test is available for import 
2  Click the import button and import the settings, inputs, and Flux data of the latest efficiency map test 
3  Open efficiency map test environment when a model map test is available for import 
4  Click the import button and import the settings, inputs, and Flux data of the latest model map test 
2. Standard inputs
Current definition mode
There are two common ways to define the electrical current.
Electrical current can be defined by the current density in electric conductors.
In this case, the current definition mode should be « Density »
Electric current can be defined directly by indicating the value of the maximum line current (the rms value is required).
In this case, the current definition mode should be « Current »
Maximum line current, rms
When the choice of the current definition mode is “ Current ”, the maximum rms value of the line current supplied to the machine: “Max. line current, rms” ( Maximum line current, rms value ) must be provided.
Maximum current density, rms
When the choice of current definition mode is “ Density ”, the rms value of the maximum current density in electric conductors “Max. current dens., rms” ( Maximum current density in conductors, rms value ) must be provided.
Maximum LineLine voltage, rms
The rms value of the maximum lineline voltage supplying to the machine: “Max. LineLine voltage, rms” ( Maximum LineLine voltage, rms value ) must be provided.
Command modes – Introduction
For any applied command mode, the first step of the process consists of computing the torquespeed curve and the second step is to compute the efficiency map bounded by the torquespeed curve.
In function of the command mode, the applied process of computation is different to obtain curves and maps.
For additional information on this topic see the section 1.5 (Command modes)
Maximum speed
The computation and analysis of the torquespeed curves are performed over a given speed range.
The maximum allowed value for the « Maximum speed » corresponds to 53000 rad/s  about 506000 rpm.

Case 1: The maximum speed is lower than the base speed N _{base} (corner point speed of the torquespeed curve) N _{max} < N _{base} .
In that case, for any command mode (MTPA or MTPV), the behavior of the machine will be studied over the speed range [0, N _{max} ].
That allows the user to choose precisely the range of speed to be considered for computing and displaying the torquespeed curve and especially maps like efficiency map.

Case 2: The maximum speed is greater than the base speed (corner point speed) N _{max} > N _{base} .
The relevance of the maximum speed given by the user is analyzed to evaluate if it is reachable by the machine.
If the user maximum speed is unreachable by the machine, the correction of this value is automatically performed.
The resulting new maximum speed is linked to a limit torque. This limit torque is obtained by applying a reduction coefficient to the base point torque.
Rotor position dependency
Additional losses
User working point(s) analysis
It is possible to perform additional analysis on working point(s) located under the torquespeed curve. The user’s input “ User working point(s) analysis ” (additional analysis on working point(s)) gives three possibilities to the user:

User working point(s) analysis = None (=default mode)
This corresponds to the basic configuration of the test, with no additional working point analysis.

User working point(s) analysis = Single point
This allows computing the machine performance on a working point specified by the user with the targeted speed and torque. In that case the next two fields must be filled with the targeted speed and mechanical torque.
User working point analysis = Single point 1 Select the “Single point” option to perform a computation on one working point. 2 Define the targeted working point mechanical torque and speed. 3 Button to validate and consider the user inputs 4 Button to run the computation 
User working point(s) analysis = Duty cycle
This allows computing the machine performance all over a considered duty cycle.
This duty cycle must be defined by using the next field: "Duty cycle description" and by clicking on the button "Set values".
Two ways are possible to fill in the table: either filling in the table line by line or by importing an excel file which all the working points of the duty cycle are defined.


User working point analysis = Duty cycle  
1  Select the “Duty cycle” option 
2  Click in the button “Set values” of the field “Duty cycle” to open a dialog box to define the duty cycle.Refer to the next illustration which shows how to fill the Duty cycle table. 
3  Button to validate the user input data 
4  Button to run the computations 


User working point analysis = Duty cycle – Dialog box to define the duty cycle  
1  Dialog box opened after having clicking the button “Set values” in the field “Cycle description” 
2  Browse the folder to select an Excel file which is described the duty cycle 
3  Button to refresh the table data when the considered Excel file has been modified 
4  Fields to be filled with data to describe the duty cycle to be considered 

Excel file template to define the duty cycle 
3. Advanced inputs
Number of computed electrical periods
The user input “No. computed elec. periods” (Number of computed electrical periods only required with rotor position dependency set to “Yes”) influences the computation time of the results.
Number of computations for J _{d} , J _{q}
First, it is needed to compute the Daxis and Qaxis flux linkage in the J _{d}  J _{q} plane.
To get maps in the J _{d}  J _{q} plane, a grid is defined. The number of computation points along the daxis and qaxis can be defined with the user input « No. Comp. for J _{d} , J _{q} » (Number of computations for Daxis and Qaxis currents) .
The default value is equal to 5. This default value provides a good compromise between accuracy and computation time. The minimum allowed value is 5.
Number of computations for speed
The “No. comp. for speed” ( Number of computations for speed ) corresponds to the number of points to be considered in the speed range from 0 to the maximum speed.
Half of these points are distributed from 0 to the base speed. The remaining points are distributed from the base speed to the maximum speed.
In both cases, base speed is considered as an additional point.

Definition of the number of computations for speed 
The default value is equal to 15, the minimum allowed value is 5. The maximum recommended value is 40.
Number of computations for torque
For the speed range [N _{base} ; N _{max.} ], the number of computations for torque is imposed by the number of computations for speed in the speed range [N _{base} ; N _{max.} ] (Red points in the image shown below).
The advanced user input parameter “ No. comp. for torque ” allows finalizing the grid within the torque range [0, T (N _{max.} )] at the maximum speed (Black points in the image shown below).
The default value is equal to 7. The minimum allowed value is 3. The maximum recommended value is 20.

Definition of the number of computations for torque – MTPV command mode 
Skew model – Number of layers
When the rotor or the stator slots are skewed, the number of layers used in Flux Skew environment to model the machine can be modified: “Skew model  No. of layers” ( Number of layers for modelling the skewing in Flux Skew environment ).
Mesh order
To get the results, the original computation is performed using a Finite Element Modeling
Two levels of meshing can be considered for this finite element calculation: first order and second order.
This parameter influences the accuracy of results and the computation time.
By default, second order mesh is used.
Airgap mesh coefficient
The advanced user input “ Airgap mesh coefficient ” is a coefficient which adjusts the size of mesh elements inside the airgap. When the value of “ Airgap mesh coefficient ” decreases, the mesh elements get smaller, leading to a higher mesh density inside the airgap and increasing the computation accuracy.
The imposed Mesh Point (size of mesh elements touching points of the geometry) is described with the following parameters:
 MeshPoint = (airgap) x (airgap mesh coefficient)

Airgap mesh coefficient is set to 1.5 by default.
The variation range of values for this parameter is [0.05; 2].
0.05 gives a very high mesh density and 2 gives a very coarse mesh density.
However, this always leads to a huge number of nodes in the corresponding finite element model. So, it means a need of huge numerical memory and increases the computation time considerably.
Rotor daxis location
In most cases, the computations are performed by considering a relative angular position between rotor and stator.
For the reluctance synchronous machines, the rotor daxis location is defined and automatically used to perform computations.
This value is characterized by the saliency topology. This is important to keep in mind this information it.
For more details, please refer to the document: MotorFactory_2024_SMRSM_IR_3PH_Test_Introduction – section “Rotor and stator relative position”.