# Weighted Bilinear Interpolation (WBI) Algorithm

This algorithm^{1} is almost identical to the arithmetic mean (AM)
algorithm. The gains and angle distances are also read from the vertical and horizontal
pattern and are weighted according to their distances.

In contrast to the bilinear interpolation (BI) algorithm, the vertical angles are additionally weighted with the factor $(1-\mathrm{sin}\vartheta )$ . Therefore, the gain values read from the vertical pattern are no longer relevant in the horizontal plane (for $\vartheta $ = 90°), and the horizontal pattern is, therefore, more accurate.

The mathematical equation for the computation of the weighted bilinear interpolation is:

The weighted bilinear interpolation leads to more accurate results compared to bilinear interpolation (BI) algorithm. The mean error is approximate 1.3 dB and the standard deviation is 0.6 dB for a $\frac{\lambda}{2}$ - dipole.

The most accurate results can be obtained with this algorithm if the main radiation of the antenna is in the horizontal plane.

^{1}A 3D Interpolation Method for Base-Station-Antenna Radiation Patterns in IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, F. Gil, A. Claro, J. Ferriera, C. Pardelinha, and L. Correia, Vol. 43, No.2, April 2001.