Text field with popdown selection list.


hwtk::combobox - pathName ?option value? …


A hwtk::combobox combines a text field with a pop-down list of values; the user may select the value of the text field from among the values in the list.

Standard Options

Database name: clientData
Database class: ClientData
Acts as a data storage for a widgets. User can store any data and this will not have any effect on widget property.
Database name: cursor
Database class: Cursor
Specifies the mouse cursor to be used for the widget. See Tk_GetCursor and cursors(n) in the Tk reference manual for the legal values. If set to the empty string (the default), the cursor is inherited from the parent widget.
Database name: height
Database class: Height
If specified, the widget’s requested height in pixels.
Database name: help
Database class: Text
Specifies the text or help message that displays when the cursor moves over the widget.
Database name: helpcommand
Database class: Command
Dynamic help which calls an assigned -helpcommand when the user moves the mouse on the widget. The text which is returned by the -helpcommand will be in turn be displayed on the tooltip.
Database name: marker
Database class: Marker
Specifies the color of the marker decorator. Can be either info, error, or warning. If not specified, hide the marker.
Database name: state
Database class: State
May be set to normal or disabled to control the disabled state bit.
Database name: takeFocus
Database class: TakeFocus
Determines whether the window accepts the focus during keyboard traversal. Either 0, 1, a command prefix (to which the widget path is appended, and which should return 0 or 1), or the empty string. See options(n) in the Tk reference manual for the full description.
Database name: textVariable
Database class: Variable
Specifies the name of a global variable. The value of the variable is a text string to be displayed inside the widget; if the variable value changes then the widget will automatically update itself to reflect the new value. The way in which the string is displayed in the widget depends on the particular widget and may be determined by other options, such as anchor or justify.
Database name: width
Database class: Width
Specifies the width of a widget.
Database name: xScrollCommand
Database class: ScrollCommand
Specifies the prefix for a command used to communicate with horizontal scrollbars. When the view in the widget’s window changes (or whenever anything else occurs that could change the display in a scrollbar, such as a change in the total size of the widget’s contents), the widget will generate a Tcl command by concatenating the scroll command and two numbers. Each of the numbers is a fraction between 0 and 1, which indicates a position in the document. 0 indicates the beginning of the document, 1 indicates the end, .333 indicates a position one third the way through the document, and so on. The first fraction indicates the first information in the document that is visible in the window, and the second fraction indicates the information just after the last portion that is visible. The command is then passed to the Tcl interpreter for execution. Typically the xScrollCommand option consists of the path name of a scrollbar widget followed by

Widget-Specific Options

Database name: invalidCommand
Database class: InvalidCommand
A script template to evaluate whenever the validate command returns 0. See Validation for more information.
Database name: justify
Database class: Justify
Specifies how the text is aligned within the entry widget. One of left, center, or right.
Database name: postCommand
Database class: PostCommand
A Tcl script to evaluate immediately before displaying the listbox. The -postcommand script may specify the -values to display.
Database name: scrollable
Database class: Scrollable
Boolean option that when set to true allows the current value to be changed with mouse scrolling.
Database name: selcommand
Database class: Command
A Tcl script to evaluate immediately after selecting from the dropdown listbox.
Database name: validate
Database class: Validate
Specifies the mode in which validation should operate: none, focus, focusin, focusout, key, or all. Default is none, meaning that validation is disabled. See Validation.
Database name: validateCommand
Database class: ValidateCommand
A script template to evaluate whenever validation is triggered. If set to the empty string (the default), validation is disabled. The script must return a boolean value. See Validation.
Database name: values
Database class: Values
Specifies the list of values to display in the drop-down listbox.

Widget Command

In addition to the standard configure, cget, identify, instate, and state commands, this command support the following additional widget commands:
pathName bbox index
Returns a list of four numbers describing the bounding box of the character given by index. The first two elements of the list give the x and y coordinates of the upper-left corner of the screen area covered by the character (in pixels relative to the widget) and the last two elements give the width and height of the character, in pixels. The bounding box may refer to a region outside the visible area of the window.
pathName delete first ?last?
Delete one or more elements of the entry. First is the index of the first character to delete, and last is the index of the character just after the last one to delete. If last isn’t specified it defaults to first+1, that is, a single character is deleted. This command returns the empty string.
pathName invoke
Invokes color button.
pathName get
Returns the current value of the combobox.
pathName icursor index
Arrange for the insert cursor to be displayed just before the character given by index. Returns the empty string.
pathName index string
Returns the index of the given string in the combo box.
pathName insert index string
Insert string just before the character indicated by index. Returns the empty string.
pathName invoke index
Invokes the action of the combobox selection.
pathName selection option arg
This command is used to adjust the selection within an entry. It has several forms, depending on option:
pathName selection clear
Clear the selection if it is currently in this widget. If the selection isn’t in this widget then the command has no effect. Returns the empty string.
pathName selection present
Returns 1 if there is are characters selected in the entry, 0 if nothing is selected.
pathName selection range start end
Sets the selection to include the characters starting with the one indexed by start and ending with the one just before end. If end refers to the same character as start or an earlier one, then the entry’s selection is cleared.
pathName set value
Sets the value of the combobox to value.
pathName xview args
This command is used to query and change the horizontal position of the text in the widget’s window. It can take any of the following forms:
pathName xview
Returns a list containing two elements. Each element is a real fraction between 0 and 1; together they describe the horizontal span that is visible in the window. For example, if the first element is .2 and the second element is .6, 20% of the entry’s text is offscreen to the left, the middle 40% is visible in the window, and 40% of the text is offscreen to the right. These are the same values passed to scrollbars via the -xscrollcommand option.
pathName xview index
Adjusts the view in the window so that the character given by index is displayed at the left edge of the window.
pathName xview moveto fraction
Adjusts the view in the window so that the character fraction of the way through the text appears at the left edge of the window. fraction must be a fraction between 0 and 1.
pathName xview scroll number what
This command shifts the view in the window left or right according to number and what. Number must be an integer. What must be either units or pages. If what is units, the view adjusts left or right by number average width characters on the display; if it is pages then the view adjusts by number screenfuls. If number is negative then characters farther to the left become visible; if it is positive then characters farther to the right become visible.


::hwtk::dialog .d -title "::hwtk::combobox"
set f [.d recess]

set cities [list Athens Berlin Brussels London Paris Vienna Zurich]

hwtk::label $f.11 -text "Default"  
hwtk::combobox $f.cb1 -values $cities -help "Capital Cities"

hwtk::label $f.12 -text "Disable"
hwtk::combobox $f.cb2 -values $cities -help "Capital Cities" -state disabled 

grid columnconfigure $f 1 -weight 1
for {set i 1} {$i<=2} {incr i} {
    grid $f.1$i -row $i -col 0 -sticky w;
    grid $f.cb$i -row $i -col 1 -sticky e -pady 2
.d post