Proportional - derivative (PD) compensator

The primary function of the proportional-derivative (PD) compensator is to add phase lead to a system such that the system reaches the steady state quickly and smoothly.

Transfer function

Bode plots

The characteristics of the Bode plots are summarized in the following PD table:










To design a PD compensator

1.    Using the PD table, determine the frequency (ω∗) where phase is to be added, and determine the amount of phase to be added.

2.    Select the PD zero at the frequency that produces the desired phase and interpolate where necessary.

3.    Implement the compensator and adjust the K gain for a satisfactory transient response, beginning with K = 1.

Although the PD compensator provides phase lead at frequencies above 1/T, it also adds more amplification as frequency increases. When noise is present — as it usually is — it is an undesirable property because the PD compensator amplifies the noise to a large degree.