Gas properties verus temperature
1. Introduction
Here is the process to define the gas thermal characteristics from the importation of series of points representing the considered quantity curve listed in an Excel file. In the following example air mass density is considered, however the same principle is applied for all other gas thermal quantity which are defined below.


Identification of the air mass density curve characteristics (for instance)  
1  Dialog box allowing the characterization of the density curve imported from an Excel file 
2  Path where Excel file to be imported is stored. See an example of Excel file below. 
3 
When importing an Excel file, points representing the density curve are listed, an optimization process automatically computes and displays the corresponding characteristics. At the same time three curves are displayed: Red points are the imported points (listed in the Excel file) Green curve is the resulting curve computed by the optimization process. This corresponds to the computed characteristics and displayed just after the computation. The blue curve shows modifications induced when the characteristics are changed by the user. 
4 
Indeed, the user can adjust one or all the three main characteristics of the density curve.

5  Field in which the path where the Excel file to be imported is stored. 
6  At any time, the user can run the optimization process to get back the proposed values. 
7 
The last parameter values, written in the input fields are validated when the user clicks on this button. Validation of the last parameter values is achieved when clicking on this button. It is possible to cancel the creation of the density curve model. In this case, the previous values defined before opening this dialog box are reset. 
Example of an Excel file to define the mass density curve parameters.

Example of an Excel file to define the air mass density curve parameters 
2. Mass density

Symbol  Definition  Unit 
P _{ref}  Reference pressure  Pa 
T _{refD}  Mass density reference temperature T _{refD}  °C 
r _{ref}  Mass density at T _{refD} and P _{ref}  kg/m3 
a  Mass density first order temperature coefficient at T _{refD} and P _{ref}  K1 
b  Mass density second order temperature coefficient at T _{refD} and P _{ref}  K2 
The mass density ρ computed at a pressure P is computed as below:

3. Dynamic viscosity

Symbol  Definition  Unit 
T _{refV}  Dynamic viscosity reference temperature  °C 
m _{ref}  Dynamic viscosity at T _{refV}  kg/m/s 
a  Dynamic viscosity first order temperature coefficient at T _{refV}  K1 
b  Dynamic viscosity second order temperature coefficient at T _{refV}  K2 
4. Thermal conductivity

Symbol  Definition  Unit 
T _{refC}  Thermal conductivity reference temperature  °C 
K _{ref}  Thermal conductivity at T _{refC}  W/K/m 
a  Thermal conductivity first order temperature coefficient at T _{refC}  K1 
b  Thermal conductivity second order temperature coefficient at T _{refC}  K2 
Note: The model does not consider any variation of the gas thermal conductivity in function with the gas pressure.
5. Specific heat

Symbol  Definition  Unit 
T _{refS}  Specific heat reference temperature  °C 
C _{ref}  Specific heat at T _{refS} and P _{ref}  J/K/Kg 
a  Specific heat first order temperature coefficient at T _{refS} and P _{ref} (K1)  K1 
b  Specific heat second order temperature coefficient at T _{refS} and P _{ref} (K2)  K2 
he specific heat C computed at a pressure P is computed as below:

Symbol  Definition  Unit 
P _{ref}  Reference pressure  Pa 
C _{P}  Specific heat at the pressure P  J/K/Kg 
C _{Pref}  Specific heat at the pressure P _{ref}  J/K/Kg 
6. Thermal expansion
The gas property changes with the temperature according to the perfect gas law and is automatically applied in internal processes with the following formula:

Symbol  Definition  Unit 
T _{refE}  Temperature at which the thermal expansion must be considered  K 
b _{T}  Thermal expansion coefficient at the temperature T  K1 