Gas properties verus temperature

1. Introduction

Here is the process to define the gas thermal characteristics from the importation of series of points representing the considered quantity curve listed in an Excel file. In the following example air mass density is considered, however the same principle is applied for all other gas thermal quantity which are defined below.



Identification of the air mass density curve characteristics (for instance)
1 Dialog box allowing the characterization of the density curve imported from an Excel file
2 Path where Excel file to be imported is stored. See an example of Excel file below.
3

When importing an Excel file, points representing the density curve are listed, an optimization process automatically computes and displays the corresponding characteristics.

At the same time three curves are displayed:

Red points are the imported points (listed in the Excel file)

Green curve is the resulting curve computed by the optimization process. This corresponds to the computed characteristics and displayed just after the computation.

The blue curve shows modifications induced when the characteristics are changed by the user.

4

Indeed, the user can adjust one or all the three main characteristics of the density curve.

  • The density at reference temperature
  • The density first order temperature coefficient
  • The density second order temperature coefficient
5 Field in which the path where the Excel file to be imported is stored.
6 At any time, the user can run the optimization process to get back the proposed values.
7

The last parameter values, written in the input fields are validated when the user clicks on this button.

Validation of the last parameter values is achieved when clicking on this button.

It is possible to cancel the creation of the density curve model.

In this case, the previous values defined before opening this dialog box are reset.

Example of an Excel file to define the mass density curve parameters.



Example of an Excel file to define the air mass density curve parameters

2. Mass density



Symbol Definition Unit
P ref Reference pressure Pa
T refD Mass density reference temperature T refD °C
r ref Mass density at T refD and P ref kg/m3
a Mass density first order temperature coefficient at T refD and P ref K-1
b Mass density second order temperature coefficient at T refD and P ref K-2
Note: The reference pressure mentioned in the previous table is also the one considered for defining the gas specific heat.
Note: For a given temperature, the gas density (kg/m 3 ) changes with the pressure following the perfect gas law.

The mass density ρ computed at a pressure P is computed as below:



3. Dynamic viscosity



Symbol Definition Unit
T refV Dynamic viscosity reference temperature °C
m ref Dynamic viscosity at T refV kg/m/s
a Dynamic viscosity first order temperature coefficient at T refV K-1
b Dynamic viscosity second order temperature coefficient at T refV K-2
Note: The model does not consider any variation of the gas dynamic viscosity with the gas pressure.

4. Thermal conductivity



Symbol Definition Unit
T refC Thermal conductivity reference temperature °C
K ref Thermal conductivity at T refC W/K/m
a Thermal conductivity first order temperature coefficient at T refC K-1
b Thermal conductivity second order temperature coefficient at T refC K-2

Note: The model does not consider any variation of the gas thermal conductivity in function with the gas pressure.

5. Specific heat



Symbol Definition Unit
T refS Specific heat reference temperature °C
C ref Specific heat at T refS and P ref J/K/Kg
a Specific heat first order temperature coefficient at T refS and P ref (K-1) K-1
b Specific heat second order temperature coefficient at T refS and P ref (K-2) K-2
Note: All the parameters defined is the previous table are defined for the reference pressure P ref mentioned in the gas mass density section.
Note: For a given temperature, the gas specific heat (J/K/kg) changes with the pressure following the perfect gas law.

he specific heat C computed at a pressure P is computed as below:



Symbol Definition Unit
P ref Reference pressure Pa
C P Specific heat at the pressure P J/K/Kg
C Pref Specific heat at the pressure P ref J/K/Kg

6. Thermal expansion

The gas property changes with the temperature according to the perfect gas law and is automatically applied in internal processes with the following formula:



Symbol Definition Unit
T refE Temperature at which the thermal expansion must be considered K
b T Thermal expansion coefficient at the temperature T K-1